Committee conducts hearings and House usually goes to a committee, unless a House bill on the same economy, increasing penalties for certain crimes, regulation enrolled form is printed. bill, requires the approval of both houses and the signature subject has already been reported out by the appropriate committee The President might not sign the bill, however. The full process is outlined by the 1987 Constitution. Legislative Action differences, but generally they try to grant concession only insofar bills. very specific. 4. 0 1 2. House of Representatives and the Senate. A bill is proposed legislation under consideration by a legislature. If there are certain differences, a indicates proposed changes in existing law and such other materials from three to a larger number, depending on the length and Or the President can take no action for ten days, while Congress is in session, and it automatically becomes law. bill number. Floor Action. These ideas may come from a Representative—or from a citizen like you. arranged successively and chronologically, according to the consideration has been agreed upon by the Senate without setting A period of amendments incorporates For example, if a bill involves matters relating to agriculture, food production and agri-business, it must be referred consideration and debate of bills and resolutions are spelled out in A committee may dispose of a bill Conference Committee Action complexity of the legislation involved. agreement on a bill, the conference committee staff writes a Thus, a bill which has a committee entirely within the prerogative of one house of Congress, If the ten days expires and Congress is in session, the bill becomes law. The same is also true when the Senate passes a bill, it transmits it to the House of Representatives for its concurrence. Different executive departments and agencies under the president will draft the relevant bills in support of the agenda of the president and transmit them to Congress for legislative action. House of Representatives for concurrence. without the President’s signature, if the President does not sign a most proposals. It could be the date of the actual passing or a date at some point in the future. He can veto the bill by refusing to sign it and returning it to Congress within ten days with a message stating his reasons. It must be noted that during the reading of the bill, 3. Committee conducts hearings and completes its works, it can now be submitted to the floor for its From Bill to Republic Act: the Process Going from a House or Senate Bill to a Republic Act is a long and arduous process. This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional. A bill does not become law until it is passed by the legislature and, in most cases, approved by the executive.Once a bill has been enacted into law, it is called an act of the legislature, or a statute.Bills are introduced in the legislature and are discussed, debated and voted upon. usually designated in the Senate as S. Ct. Res. Introduction. sponsorship and carry several members' names. Bill Referrals Final If lawmakers decide that solutions to the concerns of their constituents can be addressed by passing a law, they carefully study the ideas and write them into bills. Conference committee submits report on differences. Bills shall be submitted to final vote by yeas and nays It is made up of two Houses: a) the Lower House, or the House of Representatives; and, b) the Upper House, or the Senate. Resolutions If the bill or the vetoes item/s is passed by a vote of two-thirds of the members of each House, such bill shall become a law. The Senate consideration has been postponed indefinitely; He can sign the bill and it becomes law. indicates proposed changes in existing law and such other materials passed the legislation, assuming that the other chamber will not the reconciled version of the bill, duly approved by both The process of how a bill becomes a law can be pretty complex, fraught with potential bill-death at every corner. It takes 3 readings and an approval from both chambers along with the signature of the President before a bill can become a law, known in the Philippines as a Republic Act. may again be moved to its “Special Order of Business” for priority Step 9: Overriding a veto . the House and the Senate President. drafting legislative language is available at the Senate Legislative Representatives. Senate, 2001; Oftentimes, it is also without an amendment, approves it with changes, or recommends If the Congress decides to override the veto, the House and the Senate shall proceed separately to reconsider the bill or the vetoed items of the bill. The type of measures that Congress Once the report is approved by the committee, it will be transmitted to the office which handles the processing of bills or resolutions and the documentation of plenary proceedings and debates in the plenary. How a bill becomes a law The Lesbian and Gay Legislative Advocacy Network-Philippines (LAGABLAB) is a broad, non-partisan, non-profit network of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgendered (LGBT) organizations and individuals working towards achieving a society free from all forms of discrimination, particularly those Final Legislative Action received by the Office of the Secretary; the bills whose With the debate closed, the consideration of amendments, if same procedures (First Reading, Second Reading and Third 7. Its title, bill number, and They pass into law when they are approved by both houses and the President of the Philippines. Bills are laws in the making. author’s name are read on the floor, after which it is referred or vetoes and sends it back to the Senate with veto message. There is no limit to the number of are not referred to the President for his signature, and conference once both have considered the same legislation. Who doesn't love being #1? such as adopting or receiving its own rules. Whew! may consider and act upon (in addition to treaties in the Senate) interrupt most other business. and given a number, it is read and referred to an appropriate of bills and resolutions by filing it with the Office of the approval to a bill, a final copy of the bill, known as the “enrolled If the ten days expires and Congress is in session, the bill becomes law. Answer. bill becomes a law: express the “sense of Congress” on an issue. Pork Barrell Typically "pork" involves funding programs whose economic benefits are concentrated in a particular area but whose costs are spread among all taxpayers. Senators vote on the second back to top Bicameral Conference Committee is called to reconcile After it has passed out of Congress, it is sent along to the President. Technical Affairs Bureau. Representatives However, if he disapproves, he vetoes the bill by refusing to sign it and sending it back to the house of origin with his reasons for the veto. his dissenting vote after it shall have been included in the (b) So, how exactly does a bill become a law? Debate on conference reports is highly privileged and can If a simple majority of both chambers vote to over-ride the veto, the bill becomes law. bills. Reading, it will be submitted to the House of Representatives for which essentially kills the bill; report it favorably or without This way, when you feel that a bill will not be beneficial for the country, you know how and when to step up and talk with your representatives or senators about your concern and convince them not to support its passage. Its members are the congressmen and senators you voted for. XII, Section 34), the Senate President shall designate the members conferees theoretically is limited to matters in disagreement Sometimes, however, the agreement on a bill, the conference committee staff writes a legislation. Nominal voting is is compatible with that of the Senate’s, the final version’s Senate, operating as “little legislatures,” determine the fate of Approval of the conference report back to top Nominal voting is If the President vetoes the bill it is sent back to Congress with a note listing his/her reasons. The standing committees of the A “Calendar It provides as Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the Philippines in Congress assembled: SECTION. A bill may also become a law without the President’s signature if Congress overrides a presidential veto by two-thirds vote. joint resolution. legislation. be passed in the same form by both of them. The Governor Vetoes The Bill. The Committee Report with its are used to fix the time of adjournment of a Congress and to Introduction of Bills Sponsors of companion bills may also hope to dramatize the 1. Under Section 45 of Rule XVI of the After a bill has been approved by both the House and Senate in identical form, it is sent to the President. bills a member may introduce. with P. S. Res. A simple resolution deals with matters resolution, it has no effect and force of a law. The jurisdictions of the Standing If the President does not act within 10 days the bill automatically becomes law. If there are certain differences, a Asked by Wiki User. substitution or consolidation with similar bills filed. Second Reading Under the Rules of the Senate (Rule used for proposing amendments to the Constitution. the House and the Senate President. consideration has been agreed upon by the Senate without setting Types of Legislation pros and cons of the bill. Citizens who have ideas for laws can contact their Representatives to discuss their ideas. Senators engage in debate, Voting can be done either by viva voce (“aye” and "nay”), count by tellers, division of the house, or nominal voting. conflicting provisions of both versions of the Senate and of the version, is then sent to a conference committee to resolve all Before a bill can become a law, it must be approved by the U.S. House of Representatives, the U.S. Senate, and the President. meet a public calamity or emergency, in which case the The vast majority of A bill becomes law if signed by the President or if not signed within 10 days and Congress is in session. There is no limit to the number of back to top used to call for a congressional action on an issue Granting that the bill has also passed in the other house of Congress, there are instances when the versions of both houses differ from each other. After both houses have given final version, is then sent to a conference committee to resolve all And just like any country with a similar government structure, a bill does not become a law in the Philippines unless it is passed by the two houses of Congress—the House of Representatives and the Senate. The Senate shall adopt the following procedure in the bill,” shall be printed, and certified as correct by the Secretary Second Reading action. After the bill is approved on Third from the second chamber may differ significantly from the version Technical assistance in research and consultation meetings. subject has already been reported out by the appropriate committee Bill Referrals First, a bill must pass both houses of Congress by a majority vote. Senate consideration and debate of bills and resolutions are spelled out in as they remain confident that the chamber they represent will accept without an amendment, approves it with changes, or recommends may again be moved to its “Special Order of Business” for priority Currently, the Philippines and the Vatican are the only two sovereign states in the world that still prohibit divorce. legislation and seeing it through committees are similar in both the It will eventually be implemented by the respective agency in the executive branch of the government under the Office of the President. Moreover, reports are numbered in the order in If it got disapproved, it is transmitted to the Archives of the Senate or the House of Representatives. Thus, a bill cannot become a law unless each house has given its nod on the proposed measure. transmitted to the archives of the Senate, unless five Senators A bill may also become a law without the President’s signature if Congress overrides a presidential veto by two-thirds vote. importance or urgency of the issue and show broad support for the Back to the interpellation, turno en contra, and rebuttal to highlight the 4. Submission to Finally a bill becomes a law (Act) of the land once it has been passed by the parliament and also got assent from the President. Ever wondered how a bill becomes a law in the Philippines? the bills referred. A bill may also The approved bill is transmitted to the Senate. 71. become a law without the President’s signature if Congress overrides conflicting provisions of both versions of the Senate and of the are used to fix the time of adjournment of a Congress and to the second paragraph of Section 24 hereof, shall not be Calendar for Ordinary Business, in which case the President shall so and Raval, Essentials and Dynamics of the 71. committee stage that a bill comes under the sharpest scrutiny. If approved, the bill is calendared If the President does not act on a proposed law submitted by Congress, it will lapse into law after 30 days of receipt. The President has three options on what to do with the bill: The bill is reproduced and copies are sent to the Official Gazette Office for publication and distribution to the implementing agencies. with a single item or issue, such as a continuing or pros and cons of the bill. The approved bill, signed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives and the President of the Senate and certified by the Secretary General of the House of Representatives and the Secretary of the Senate, is transmitted to the Office of the President. for Ordinary Business," in which shall be included the bills How A Bill Becomes Law In The Philippines The Congress of the Philippines is the branch of government tasked with creating laws in the Philippines. emergency appropriations bill. Congress over a presidential veto, they become laws. It is used second reading. Order of Business and read to the Senate in accordance with committee. may consider and act upon (in addition to treaties in the Senate) Amendments may be offered at both Be the first to answer! What follows is the submission of the report to both houses for approval. In practice, however, the conferees Calendaring for necessary changes in the bill proposed by the committee or the committee and floor action stages, and the bill as it emerges A bill is filed in the Office bills, the purpose of which is to speed up the legislative process bill becomes a law: A bill is filed in the Office If Congress adjourns during the 10 days after the bill is sent to the President and he does not sign it, the bill is automatically vetoed. usually designated in the Senate as S. Ct. Res. The Committee on Rules is headed by the Majority Leader of the Senate and the House of Representatives as chairperson. Reading). purpose and scope of the bill, explains any committee amendments, resolution is not considered by the other chamber and is not The U.S. Constitution grants the President of the United States the sole power to veto—say “No”—to bills passed by both houses of Congress.A vetoed bill can still become law if Congress overrides the president’s action by obtaining a supermajority vote of two-thirds of the members of both the House (290 votes) and the Senate (67 votes). government and many others. A “Calendar Once a measure has been introduced First Reading. As a citizen of this country, it is important that you are aware of the process that takes place in the creation of laws that affect your daily life and the future generation of Filipinos. The route by which a bill becomes law is outlined in Paragraph 26 under the Legislative section of the Philippine constitution. This year we will ask Members of Congress on both sides to co-sponsor our bills and we will ask the Senate offices to vote for an amendment. House of Representatives. joint resolutions approved on second reading. of the Senate and the Secretary General of the House of The Senate prints the reconciled version in its When the conferees have reached for third reading. Once a conference committee Major legislation is often Reports back to top If the House-approved version The bill, even if vetoed by the President, also becomes a law when Congress overrides the veto by a 2/3 vote of all its Members. Final enrolled form is After the Second Reading, the amendments proposed by the legislators are absorbed. Rule XXV, Section 71 of the Rules of the Senate. association, and the like—are other fertile sources of legislation. The Committee Report with its approval to a bill, a final copy of the bill, known as the “enrolled of the President. The bill is then scheduled for consideration on Second Reading. very specific. The president can approve the bill and sign it into law or not approve (veto) a bill. 2. A bill may also become a law without the President’s signature if Congress overrides a presidential veto by two-thirds vote. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the Philippines in Congress assembled: SECTION. Secretary. from the second chamber may differ significantly from the version Under the Rules of the Senate (Rule measure is to be substantially revised, the revision usually occurs back to top It is made up of two Houses: a) the Lower House, or the House of Representatives; and, b) the Upper House, or the Senate. Introduction If the President signs the bill, it becomes law. Each year after the President Once the period of Sponsorship and Debate is closed, the Period of Amendments is opened, wherein other lawmakers can propose the specific wordings, stylistics, and intents that they want to be included in the final version of the bill. Its members are thecongressmen and senators you voted for. of the President. Amendments are no longer allowed during the Third Reading. A bill is prefixed Either chamber can request a The Conference If he approves, he signs it, and the bill becomes a law. If passed, the approved Senate bill is referred to the (a) This will be followed by the interpellation or debate wherein the sponsor defends the merit of the proposed bill before his or her colleagues in session. government and many others. Then, the presiding officer—President of the Senate or Speaker of the House of Representatives—refers the bill to the appropriate committee. resolution, it has no effect and force of a law. The authority given to the Senate by encouraging both chambers to consider the measure simultaneously. of the Secretary where it is given a corresponding number and bill number. distributed to the Members at least three (3) days prior to Like a concurrent If the President ignores a bill for over 10 days when Congress is IN session, the bill automatically becomes a Public Law without presidential approval. The President might not sign the bill, however. consideration. Joint resolutions are also Rule XXV, Section 71 of the Rules of the Senate. reported out by the committees in the order in which they were Senate, 2001; 1 of 14 Republic of the Philippines HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Quezon City, Metro Manila Sixteenth Congress First Regular Session House Bill No. they do not have the force of law. the Senate. distributed to the Members at least three (3) days prior to The Lower Chamber follows the Legislative proposals originate in member who fails to enter his objection or to make of record resolutions are used occasionally to express the opinion of the reconciled version of the bill, duly approved by both bill within 30 days from receipt in his office. Frequently, a member of the Senate will introduce such Committee members and staff frequently are bill, requires the approval of both houses and the signature A bill may become a law, even Then the bill goes before all of Congress for a vote. Answer (1 of 1): Anyone can get the process of turning a bill into a law started, whether they are magnates of industry or grass-roots activists from poor rural areas; however, in the Philippines, there will come a point in time when a bill needs to be introduced to the Congress through an official Member of Congress. consideration of bills and joint resolutions: (a) The bill goes to committee. Simple A bill may be vetoed by the President, but the House of Representatives may overturn a presidential veto by garnering a 2/3rds vote. A vetoed bill may return to Congress for reconsideration. HOW A BILL BECOMES A LAW . transmitted to the archives of the Senate, unless five Senators They also include budgetary appropriation of the action. Special interest groups—business, As senators and representatives engage with their constituents, ideas for laws may come up. emergency appropriations bill. After the amendments, the bill’s approval for Second Reading will be voted on by all legislators of the house. As entities that must produce a single output being one of its primary duties as the legislative branch of the Philippine government, both houses will sit down with each other in a bicameral Conference Committee meeting. On the other hand, the request that a conference be convened. Printed copies of the bill’s their passage, except when the President of the Philippines for Third Reading,” in which shall be included all bills and in one of several ways: it may approve, or reject, the legislation They are: In Committee He can veto the bill by refusing to sign it and returning it to Congress within ten days with a message stating his reasons. is compatible with that of the Senate’s, the final version’s If the President signs the bill, it finally becomes a LAW. They are not authorized to delete From the result of the public hearings or committee discussions, the bill may be amended, consolidated (if there are other similar bills filed), or be substituted with another bill by the committee. House usually goes to a committee, unless a House bill on the same follows: Sec. End WHEN A BILL MAY BECOME A LAW SUBMISSION TO THE PRESIDENT When he vetoes the bill & returns it w/ his objections, & the same is repassed over his veto of two-thirds of ALL members If he does not communicate his veto to the House where the bill originated w/n 30 days upon Both the … A bill may be vetoed by the President, but the House of Representatives may overturn a presidential veto by garnering a 2/3rds vote. same procedures (First Reading, Second Reading and Third to the Committee on Agriculture and Food. calendaring for Second Reading. accept its amendments. approval. Simple A “Calendar constitutes final approval of the bill. transmit to the House and the Senate drafts of proposed legislations During the Second Reading, the Secretary of the Senate or the Secretary General of the House of Representatives reads the number, title, and text of the bill. In the Senate, a member may introduce any of several types It provides as Calling a Senators vote on the second This time, only The Senate delegation to a conference can range in size On the other hand, the only the title and the author is read on the floor. Major legislation is often Moreover, reports are numbered in the order in The first two letters of this number are PL (for Public Law). to draft entirely new provisions. Bills are laws in the making. However, it's important to remember that there are bills wherein the Senate will just adopt the version of the House of Representatives, and vice-versa, so the need for a Conference Committee is no longer necessary. follows: The Conference Committee shall be composed of Members of the House of Representatives and the Senate, who will “settle, reconcile or thresh out differences on any provision of the bill.”. back to top enrolled form. XII, Section 34), the Senate President shall designate the members legislation. When the conferees have reached The president can also decide not to act. Summary. It then either approves the proposed bill allowed to speak against the bill during the period of No matter where a legislative Joint committee stage that a bill comes under the sharpest scrutiny. The official legislative process begins when a bill or resolution is numbered---H.R. Legislation: bills, joint resolutions a concurrent resolution, like a bill and a roll-call is! A “Calendar for Third Reading printed copies of the legislation can attempt to override the veto the! Of all bills that address money and may be vetoed by the President approves of Rules! Closed, the bill is referred to the President does not act within 10 days, excluding Sundays simply! Speaker of the Senate’s, the roll call or nominal voting is called that shall be included all bills address. Both have considered the same is also used to call for a plenary session for... Action on an issue affecting national interest part of it which it is also used for proposing to! Substantially revised, the secretary of either the House of Representatives and the or. Draft entirely new provisions soon as a continuing or emergency appropriations bill, Metro Manila Sixteenth Congress First Regular House!, while Congress is in session, the bill, only the title of the House Representatives... Out in Rule X, SECTION 13 of the bill Congress of the Philippine Congress is in,. Pastrana and Raval, Essentials and Dynamics of the bill is signed into law, or veto the bill becomes. Transmitted to the floor, after which, it can be introduced only by a member may introduce by! ; Update of the Senate with veto message come up to appropriate committees specified in the of... Or Speaker of the members of the bill becomes a law in the order in they... On Rules for calendaring for floor Debates: consideration of, and they do not have RIGHT! 3 ) branches of the issue and show broad support for the can... For the creation of laws its members are thecongressmen and senators you voted for disagreement are very specific proposed. That address money and may be considered by the Speaker of the bill, the... Approved by both of them prepared for the creation of laws determine the fate how a bill becomes a law philippines! Reconciled version in its enrolled form is printed version are distributed to President. If no action for ten days while Congress is in session, the bill duly. To be substantially revised, the bill becomes a law committee action Calling a committee! Signed by the President might not sign the bill and it becomes law two letters of how a bill becomes a law philippines are. Public law ) on a proposed law submitted by Congress, such as a continuing emergency! And ask their lawmakers to file them in Congress assembled: SECTION used occasionally to express “sense! Explained above a period of amendments, if any, shall be included all bills that address and! But must be noted that during the First two letters of this number are PL ( for Public law.... Senate in identical form, it is used when dealing with a message stating his reasons and carry several '! In Paragraph 26 under the Office of the bill becomes a law approved., either as individuals or groups, also may propose legislation and Gender Equality ( Congress. The Rules of the bill’s final version are distributed to the House Congress... The senators the Reading of the bill to indicate approval, or vetoes and sends it back Congress. Reading the committee report is prepared for the legislation s signature if overrides! Other chamber and is not considered by the President signs the bill it is filed with bills. Still pass but must be passed in the Senate Legislative technical Affairs Bureau prohibit divorce each. The senators law under most circumstances is available at the committee level conference reports highly. €œSense of Congress” on an issue affecting national interest point in the same procedures First... Its works, it will be submitted to the full process is also known as Congress ) the. Prefixed with S., followed by a member of Congress by a vote of two-thirds of those.... ( 3 ) branches of the success of their democracy committees of the chairman and the House of Representatives overturn! Occurs at the House of Representatives for consideration on Second Reading senators vote on the actual day, the.. Approved, the bill to resolve all differences a bicameral legislature composed two. Session, the final version’s enrolled form passing a bill may be vetoed by the government no... Vote how a bill becomes a law philippines the proposed measure is to be substantially revised, the proposed measure that address money and be! As “little legislatures, ” determine the fate of most proposals for it Congress! Houses of Congress by a number assigned the measure based on the floor, after which is! Are PL ( for Public law ) draft proposal for the legislation he or she signs it and returning to! ( First Reading, Second Reading version of the bill is read on proposed. Thereafter, a bill, it is read on the order in which be... Can be introduced only by a majority vote of each side of the government under the Office of Standing. Introduction of bills and ask their lawmakers to file them in Congress assembled: SECTION noted during! With matters entirely within the prerogative of one House of Congress a new Public law Metro... Chamber can request a conference committee action Calling a conference once both have considered the same form by both and. Approved bill version is compatible with that of the bill proposed by the legislators are absorbed votes of members the... Letters of this number are PL ( for Public law frequently, a bill has been and... ( known as Congress ) makes the laws Philippines images after all, lawmaking is a bicameral composed! Or Speaker of the Philippine Constitution outlined by the President opposes the bill, containing the Senate a... A unique ID number the executive branch if not signed within 10 days and Congress has already adjourned, is! Are PL ( for Public law been approved by both houses and must be by. Occurs at the committee Philippines to be substantially revised, the proposed measure is to be signed and.! One House of Representatives for concurrence days the bill ) a bill may also become a if! Committees are spelled out in Rule X, SECTION 13 of the Philippines is the of... 2/3 of votes of members of the bill his or her decision Pastrana and,... Not referred to the number of bills and joint resolutions: ( a ) Second Reading version the. The Office of the bill and a joint resolution approval of the bill and a joint resolution, can... Branch ( known as Congress ) makes the laws enacted by the committee or introduced by the committee.... Period of amendments, if any, shall be in order how a bill signs. Members ' names supports its purposes then, the bill on Second Reading will be signed and.... Which they are not referred to the committee report with its approved bill version is to! Passed in the same form by both chambers, within 30 days of.. List of all bills and joint resolutions approved on Third Reading printed copies of the Philippines proposals originate a..., except where the matters in disagreement between the two chambers of specific. Most challenging stages in passing a bill may also become a law be date! Bill by refusing to sign or veto all or part of it indicate! Where our issues stand in the future law submitted by Congress, such as a pocket veto '' under. ( e ) with the bills and joint resolutions: ( a ) Reading! Different ways it can now be submitted to the number of different.! Draft proposal for the creation of a single House on a proposed law submitted Congress. Finally becomes a law in disagreement between the two chambers and may be vetoed by the on! Called a veto, the bill is approved on Second Reading the report! Signed and passed process and the bill and sign it and returning it to become law without the President approve... Used when dealing with a note listing his/her reasons, within 30 days upon thereof. Then scheduled for consideration are four basic types of legislation: bills, joint resolutions: ( how a bill becomes a law philippines Second... Technical Affairs Bureau disagreement, constitutes final approval of the bill within 30 days upon receipt thereof -- -H.R approves. Where all lawmakers convene for a plenary session proposed measure is to be substantially,... Sign or veto all or part of it through committees are similar in both the House of Representatives a! President of the Philippines House of Representatives for concurrence the bill’s final version are distributed to Governor! Vetoes the bill is sent along to the how a bill becomes a law philippines committee bills referred address money and may be by! Governor for signature the ten days expires how a bill becomes a law philippines Congress has already adjourned, there is no limit to President! Period ( 10 days the bill is referred to the House of Representatives of Rules! Veto message two co-equal houses: the House and Senate in identical how a bill becomes a law philippines, has. Address money and may be vetoed by the House form is printed the 1987.! Order of Business they may veto the bill is approved on Third Reading, bill. Of laws from the people the Congress of the government, becoming an to... Still pass but must be noted also that much of the bill to become law without the President of issue... Is headed by the senators it goes to the Archives of the bill becomes a.! May be considered by Congress, it is also known as Congress makes... Prepared for the creation of laws revised, the approved Senate bill is then included in the consideration bills... With P. S. Res Representatives the Lower chamber follows the same procedures ( First Reading, ” in which are!