The minimum required height of the railing is based on the height of the deck, from the ground to the deck surface: }); Tubes will be sunk into these holes, and they will be sticking out about an inch above the soil. Even if it isn't required, sinking the support posts to this depth will keep the deck from buckling when the ground expands and swells when the water in it freezes. In this close up image, you should easily notice the manner in which you have to secure the joists to the beams. All rights reserved. It can also make your back yard or other surrounding area look more pleasing to the eye. Once all the deck planks are in place, you can cut off the excess lengths using a saw. In addition, use a spirit level to align and plumb the wooden joists, before driving in the screws. Dig holes for piers, fill with concrete and let it set up. Thanks to Trex for Sponsoring this video. Don’t forget that you have to secure the joints between the wooden components by using corner brackets, metal joist hangers and several long screws. Therefore, we recommend you to pour the footings on each corner and consider adding at least one more, on two sides of the deck. Then run perpendicular lines to complete the perimeter, crossing the mason’s line at the corners. Another reason more people are trying to figure out how to build a deck on the ground is because having it located relatively flush to the soil will make it unnecessary to worry about such things as railings or other similar features. This website is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to amazon.com. Lay out the deck perimeter using batter boards and mason’s line. While it may seem confusing or downright daunting at first, we are here to help with our handy guide to building an outdoor space. Work with great care and good judgement, making sure the rim joists are level and properly secured. Next, use a circular saw or a jigsaw to cut the decking boards along the cut line. Start by running a mason’s line parallel to the house first. Prepare the wooden beams, which will form the perimeter of the deck’s support structure. Step 4: Plan the Foundation and Leveling While it may seem that it is not that difficult to figure out how to build a deck on the ground, remember that you need to plan it well in advance, in order to avoid the need for time consuming fixes after the fact. On the other hand, if you don’t have metal hangers, you can still get the job done, by inserting 4” screws through the beams in the wooden joists. In order to drain the water properly, we recommend you to leave 1/10” between the boards (place a nail between the boards to get a consistent gap). Make sure that these tubes are level so that your deck will also be level. Measure and mark the deck board at the desired length, using a T-square to mark an accurate line across the deck board. Particular rules may apply regarding when it becomes necessary to install additional safety features. When building a deck consider these basic DIY pointers. Next you'll install the floor joists and joist hangers. Floating decks are wood decks that rest on the ground and are not attached to any structure, including your house. If the spirit level indicates the ground is uneven, level it out with extra soil or compact the soil to flatten it out. Read More >> Next, you have to attach the decking boards by inserting two screws trough the boards into each joist. Use a tape measure to make sure the diagonals of the deck match perfectly. Building a ten foot by ten foot deck is a job which can be accomplished in a day. In this video, I am building a deck frame. Alexi blogs about DIY projects, design and entertaining at Seeking Alexi.She created this simple deck to help make her backyard the perfect place for outdoor entertaining.. Alexi had no specialized skills for building a deck, but she’s a fearless DIYer, and she produced this simple and sturdy deck without spending a lot of money. It's just a natural low spot. Make sure that these bolts are properly aligned with each other. That way, your deck will last longer. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); With the perimeter of the support structure in place, attach the inner beams by making use of joist hangers. I’ve wondered how to build a deck for years! Then set the band boards directly on the piers, which is the outer frame of the deck. Don’t forget that you have to use a tape measure, in order to place the joists equally spaced (every 16” on center). Start by building your outer frame, using AC2 pressure treated lumber. After you have installed decking boards on the whole surface of the free standing deck,  you should use chalk line to mark the straight cutting line. Mix a small quantity of concrete and fill the tube forms, as in the image. The second thing to be aware of is the Building Act (NZS 3604:2011) – decks that have a finished height above 1.5 metres from the ground require a consent. Afterwards, use a long straight edge and a level to make sure the footings are perfectly aligned and horizontal. This step by step diy article is about how to build a deck on the ground. This DIY deck is a gorgeous addition to Alexi Politis’ backyard. The techniques required vary according to the complexity of the project, but we will show you the main woodworking techniques, as to get the job done in a professional manner and to keep costs under control. Build a deck. What Average Teak Wood Price You Can Expect From Your Manufacturer? by Clark (Virginia) Okay, so I have a client that wants a 8x10 deck built at ground level to put his grill on. medianet_width='300'; medianet_height= '250'; medianet_crid='392434188'; (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); HowToSpecialist – How to Build, Step by Step DIY Plans, Lay out the deck in a professional manner, using batter boards and string, Plan the deck according to your needs and tastes. aax_getad_mpb({ Since the deck is located rather low, the risk of suffering an injury from falling off the deck becomes significantly reduced. Lock in the dimensions and location of the deck by using string lines. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); // Level their surface and install the metal anchors into place. A larger deck will tend to need more holes, for instance, while a smaller deck can make do with a smaller number of foundation tubes. Placing concrete deck blocks about every 3-5′. Work with great care, making sure you take accurate measurements and place the beams and joists symmetrically. Before you start laying, check out our guide to planning your decking project. Connect these to the anchor bolts, while continuing to check for proper alignment. Have you considered adding a deck to your outdoor space? Cut the boards to the desired length. Courtesy Fiberon Decking. Set the four corners for the deck. One of the basic concepts that apply to this and other carpentry work is that it is best to measure twice and cut once. Deck floor boards come in a variety of sizes and looks. Designed to have a floating look. If your deck is below 1.5 metres then it doesn’t require consent, however it must still meet other building requirements, primarily the durability and structural requirements. Work with great attention and use a spirit level to make sure the beams are perfectly horizontal. CERTAIN CONTENT THAT APPEARS COMES FROM AMAZON SERVICES LLC. off the ground, you’ll need a building permit and railings. Even before you set out to begin to build up the deck, make sure that you have the details of your plan fully in place. Don’t forget to share our articles with your friends, by using the social media widgets. The next step is to install the joists every 16” on center. Securing the 2×6 joists to the faces of the beams can be done in several ways, but we recommend you to use joist hangers, as they are designed to support the 2×6 in a professional manner. Building a Ground-Level Deck. You’ll need to start with a detailed plan of your deck, designed to comply with the NZS3604 Building Code. While the concrete is still soft, set anchor bolts in the middle of each tube. If you don’t want to design your own deck, you can get a Licensed Building Practitioner or an engineer to do this. A few cautions before figuring out how to build a ground level deck: If all or part of the deck is higher than 30 in. Concrete the posts into the ground for solid support or use stirrups bolted onto the concrete. Next, you have to install the rim joists into position, by inserting several nails trough the perpendicular joists, and by installing a corner bracket. Since this deck is connected to the She Shed, it made sense to start at the front of the shed. Now here are your two options for laying your decking. Nail in the sattles, then lay down decking. Don’t forget to add a wooden shim if the anchor is wider than the width of the two beams added. The main aim for your deck should be to keep the materials as high off the ground as possible, maximising clearance. For example: Once this information is final, measure out the relevant area in your yard or other surrounding area. In most of the cases, the top of the forms should be 1-2” above the ground level. Generally speaking, wooden decks are a great addition to any house or garden, as they create a multi-functional space, where you can take dinner, spend time with your family and friends or read a book while enjoying the fresh air. These tubes will be filled with concrete. Lock in that plank by using two deck fasteners, which run through the plank and go through the inner beams underneath. AC2 pressure treated lumber is rated for ground contact and you definitely want that in this application. The structure will be quicker to build than elevated decks, require less preparation and support and over the course of the project be a lot more economical. - by Better Homes and Gardens ... here 486mm from deck to ground divided by 162mm equals 3 step risers (the vertical rise of the step), so 2 steps are needed. Building a free standing deck is easy if you plan every aspect from the very beginning and use the right tips, tools and techniques. 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