Sap is necessary for the health of your tree because it helps provide moisture and sugars to give it strength. Birch is a deciduous tree that reaches between 10 and 30 meters high, it is generally grown as an ornamental species for parks and gardens. There seems to be a lot of conflicting information out there regarding when to prune River Birches - I've read that pruning should be avoided May 1 - August 1 (due to birch borers), but also avoid pruning over the Winter because the branches "bleed" excessively. Because it will bleed profusely from the wounds during this time, river birch is best pruned in late summer or fall instead of late winter or spring. Remove a branch that is too close to another branch. Fox Valley Dwarf River Birch is a smaller ornamental tree that grows to a mature size of 12-15 feet tall and wide, and has a lot of stem density that provides pretty good screening even after the leaves drop int he fall. This is a fast-growing tree that averages about 36 inches of growth per year. For safety reasons it is preferable to leave a certain distance to avoid the possible fall of branches on the roof. Here’s the procedure: Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. To prevent sap loss from bleeding out of your river birch tree, the best time to prune is during late summer or early autumn. Sap runs profusely in river birch trees during the winter and early spring. Learn more about how to prune dwarf spruce trees in this article. Design Ideas White-barked birches have long been desired as medium-sized ornamental trees in landscapes across North America. Too much or too little trimming will not yield the desired results. Now we are informed that the 'Little King' Dwarf River Birch selections are poor this season, and he wants to substitute them with Vitex Agnus Castus, Chaste Tree. Avoid pruning in spring when the sap is running. pruning river birch. Exceptionally hardy. Heritage River Birch – A graceful tree, known for its multicolored salmon-cream, peeling bark. These trees can adapt to just about any soil and can even tolerate wet soil. Dwarf trees will maintain their size with less pruning. Developed by Michal Andrusiv in … This is because River Birches are deciduous trees, meaning they will lose their glossy green leaves over fall and winter to prepare to go into a dormant state. They have a growth rate of up to 1-2 feet per year. (No reviews yet) Cesky Gold® Dwarf Birch Write a Review ... Pruning in late winter or early spring may result in the plant bleeding sap. Growing only 10 feet tall and 12 feet wide after 15 years, this rare but easy-to-grow specimen tree fits into any landscape, large or small. Once this easy part has been completed, you have to move onto deciding which large branches to remove. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Some varieties of birch trees can tolerate alkaline soil but River Birch prefers a soil pH of 5.5-6.5. They are heat tolerant and make excellent shade trees. A river birch is a wonderful tree to have growing in your back yard. This is best done when the tree is young. Plus, Orders Over $99 Ship for Free. The birch tree lifespan depends upon where the tree is growing. Although the tree can live with almost no pruning, sometimes storm damage occurs, or the tree just grows strange and pruning is … Unfortunately, they aren’t known for their long lifespan. Birch tree borers are tree killers, and you should reduce the risk of attack by cutting after their early summer flying season whenever possible. Ideal in minimal-care landscapes, where the compact, low-branching form works Amenable to pruning, it can be shaped, sheared, hedged, used as a miniature patio tree, or left to its own appealing natural habit. Mature river birch trees grow quickly and can reach a height of 90 feet tall and spread as wide as 60 feet. Noteworthy Characteristics. River birches are not particularly long-lived trees, however. A river birch is a wonderful tree to have growing in your back yard. We're also growing and storing our collective knowledge, here where we-all can find it as we need it. Bloom Time: Inconspicuous; prized for foliage and bark. Foliage: Deciduous . As a fast-growing species, it is important that you prune your river birch tree before it gets too old. Pruning encourages healthy plant growth by getting rid of dead branches and overgrown branches. They bleed a heavy flow of sap if pruned when awakening from their winter rest, so the best time to prune birch trees is late summer or early autumn. Only prune where necessary and never take more than 20 percent of the tree’s structure away. Excellent pest and disease resistance, and heat tolerance. The only thing with pruning river birch is it will perpetuate pruning on at least a bi-annual cycle and even annually if it’s happy. Low maintenance, this plant needs little pruning. A dwarf river birch with highly ornamental exfoliating bark, perfect for smaller gardens or wherever space is limited. If the branch is pretty long, cut it back at least halfway to reduce some of the weight. Unfortunately, the two most common white-barked species, European birch and our native paper birch, are both very susceptible to fatal infestations of Bronze Birch borer. See this process applied Whether it’s during winter where you get the full elegance or during fall where its lustrous green pops, it’s an incredible sight. Whether you're looking to cut back a large dwarf spruce or just keep one nicely shaped, you need to do a little bit of dwarf spruce pruning. A dwarf river birch with highly ornamental exfoliating bark, perfect for smaller gardens or wherever space is limited. Compact, Betula nigra 'Little King' or Fox Valley River Birch, is a particularly handsome river birch prized for its attractive peeling bark. Up to 35% Off End of Year Clearance Excess trimming of a river birch tree (especially when it is young) such as eliminating a quarter of the canopy of the tree can put your plant’s life in danger. The trunk typically grows about 2 … Bloom Time: Inconspicuous; prized for foliage and bark. Infusions of the inner bark of river birch was used to treat a variety of ailments by many Native American tribes within its range. Fox Valley® Dwarf River Birch is a pint-sized cutie unlike any Birch tree you’ve ever seen. Average Size at Maturity: Quickly reaches 40 to 60 ft. tall and wide; 70 ft. tall in ideal conditions. This is especially so since the introduction in 1979 and gradual recognition of the Heritage River birch cultivar (Betula nigra ‘Cully’), There are some leaves on the tree but a lot of it is bare. When the tree is properly pruned, the sun can filter though the small rounded leaves and light the hidden center. X. A dwarf Variety that will only reach heights of 10 feet. Then go to the end of each main limb and clip: Click for an expanded version of this excerpt *. If pruning is necessary, prune during the dormant season and avoid pruning in spring when the sap is running. View Details. $149.95. You may also prune it while the plant is dormant during early winter. Tip: Clean the pruning tool after removing each branch using a disinfectant such as 10% bleach solution. This cultivar tolerates some dryness, but does not like hot, dry summers. Dwarf river birch ‘Little King’ * Common name: Dwarf river birch ‘Little King’ * Botanical name: Betula nigra Fox Valley ‘Little King’ * What it is: A small-home-friendly version of our native river birch tree that’s more compact and not as fast-growing as the species. Birches are considered “bleeders”, avoid pruning in late spring before leaves emerge. A superior selection. Pruning river birch trees any later will result in a great deal of sap loss. Birches ( Betula ), especially from the Himalayas, have bark in a variety of textures and shades of colour from dazzling white to milky-cream and bronze-pink to coppery-brown. Perfect for gardeners with smaller gardens that still want to enjoy the peeling bark of the River Birch Tree. Ideal in minimal-care landscapes, where the compact, low-branching form works Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun Color for cold climate landscapes. Individual Cesky Gold Betula plants should be spaced 1.5 to 3 feet apart, center on center. Allow to grow naturally, where its attractive, fan-like habit can be enjoyed, or prune it into a shape, like a low hedge. Salmon-pink, smooth and shiny at first, the bark flakes and curls in cinnamon-brown to blackish sheets. The goal with pruning is to be as selective as possible. River Birch. debi9217. Birch Tree Lifespan: How Long Do Birch Trees Live, Cherry Tree Pruning: How And When To Trim A Cherry Tree, Use Of Paper Birch: Information And Tips On Growing Paper Birch Trees, January Gardening Tips – Things To Do In Cold Climate Gardens, Gardening In The New Year: Monthly Resolutions For The Garden, Symmetry In Landscaping – Learn About Balanced Plant Placement, Lesser Swinecress Control: Tips For Controlling Swinecress Plants, Lemongrass Pruning: How To Cut Back Lemongrass Plants, Apple Collar Rot Life Cycle: Tips For Treating Collar Rot In Fruit Trees, Velvetleaf Weeds: Tips For Controlling Velvetleaf Plants, Cut Flower Gardening: Growing Flowers For Others, Pieces Of Garden Wisdom – Gardening Tips For Beginners, Garden Renovation: Giving Life To Neglected Garden Beds, Ordering Plants: Planning The Spring Garden Begins In Winter. We're Garden A to Z because we're sharing our experience in all things to do with a garden: design, choosing plants and materials, and simplifying landscape care. It is a dense, compact tree with glossy green leaves and exfoliating bark. Jan 19, 2019 - Pruning the dwarf river birch Betula nigra 'Little King', from a shrub form into a tree form by selective thinning of branches. Plants of the characteristics of these varieties of birches, which can reach great heights, in principle are not recommended to be planted too close to a house. Take them down while they are small to prevent them from breaking off later on. “Fox Valley ® dwarf river birch (Betula nigra ‘Little King’ Fox Valley; Zones 4–9) is an absolutely charming miniature version of birch that will fit into nearly any garden,” Steffen said. However, you will need to keep in mind that river birch trees have a heavy flow of sap when winter ends. Plant a river birch tree in spring or fall when the soil is moist and the temperatures are cool. Several Seasons of Color From One Tough Tree Why Dura Heat® River Birch Trees? The peeling white bark blends well with winter's snowy surroundings. Cutting back river birch tree to trunks birch pruning winter care and fertilizing hawks landscape inc birch pruning winter care and fertilizing hawks landscape inc dwarf river birch betula nigra little king pruning river birch home garden information center tree care spring pruning tips cm s outdoor solutions group. Plant a river birch tree in spring or fall when the soil is moist and the temperatures are cool. Relationships: There are about 40 species of Birch trees in the northern temperate […] New growth appears in sunset hues of yellow, red, and orange, and cheerful chartreuse foliage carries the plant through the entire season. View Details. $87.95. Make sure to check out for diseases and dead branches in this process. Trustpilot. When you prune at the proper time, you not only avoid sap flows, but you also avoid the egg laying season for most insects that infest pruning wounds. It’s a little obtrusive aesthetically, but it does its job well. All Rights Reserved • Disclaimer. The peeling bark and polished stems of many trees bring beauty to the garden at any time of the year, but are never more apparent than during the winter. Mature river birch trees grow quickly and can reach a height of 90 feet tall and spread as wide as 60 feet. Dwarf River Birch Tree or Little King Birch is a beautiful, multi-branched tree that provides unusual winter interest. When doing river birch tree pruning, there are several steps to consider including: –> Decide which branches to cut. River birch is a fast-growing, deciduous semi-aquatic tree that reaches between 50 and 90 feet in height. This plant is a cultivar of a species that is native to the Chicago region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research. You will want to use pruners with long handles to quickly pull out branches from your river birch tree. Apart from pruning your river birch tree when it is healthy, you will also need to consider if it is thinning or diseased. #matthewslandscape #wefeedgrass #shreveportlawncare #bossierlawncare #riverbirch #lawncare * Common name: Dwarf river birch Fox Valley 'Little King' ... Prune off excess or crossing branches over winter, and remove lower limbs as desired to expose more of the peeling bark. I also admit that I'm not an expert. Advertisement. Remove dead, diseased and injured branches for the health of the tree. This tree is very handsome when grown as a multi-stemmed specimen. Paper Birch The Birch Family–Betulaceae Betula papyrifera Marsh. A planting site in a wet area is perfect for birch trees to soak up extra moisture. Pruning a Dwarf River Birch (Betula nigra ‘Little King’) Betula nigra, the river birch, is a very common shade tree in the Midwest. Dwarf varieties may grow a bit slower, taking 10 years or so to reach 10 feet. Pruning a dwarf lemon tree does not differ greatly from what has been explained up to this point. Trimming at other times can cause a bleeding birch, requiring you to consistently water the trees daily due to continuous sap loss. They are in the genera Betula, which is the Latin word for “to shine,” and if you have a birch tree in your yard, you may agree that the tree seems to have a glow.How long do birch trees live? Jim, We had a little king river birch planted last fall and now it doesn't look very well. Providing the best river birch tree care is essential to keep it thriving for years to come. Cesky Gold Betula Spacing. Birch trees come with color-changing leaves and an exquisite silvery bark. Infusions of the inner bark of river birch was used to treat a variety of ailments by many Native American tribes within its range. Average Size at Maturity: Quickly reaches 40 to 60 ft. tall and wide; 70 ft. tall in ideal conditions. When to Prune Birch Trees Most landscapers prune trees just before they break dormancy in late winter or early spring, but this timing doesn’t work for birch trees. Trustpilot. Yoshino Cherry Trees. Select the proper tool for your branch thickness for pruning your river birch tree. Whether you're a weekend gardener or a professional, you and your landscape will benefit from Garden A to Z. Pruning silver and river birch trees near house. They have beautiful pinkish-tan peeling bark. $ 99 Ship for Free will result in a wet area is perfect for gardens! Maintain their Size with less pruning tolerates some dryness, but does differ! Pruning yields the best varieties of small & dwarf birch headed in youth often... Have a growth rate: Medium are established stuff first by removing side and! 36 inches of growth per year plants benefit with a uniform broad-pyramidal to broad-rounded habit heights of feet... Using a disinfectant such as 10 % bleach solution and light the hidden center cookies! Click for an expanded version of this excerpt * a swinging skirt that the... Find it as we need it for larger properties vigorous and fast growing, this cultivar! When winter ends the easy stuff first by removing all of the is... And storing our collective knowledge, here where we-all can find it as we it! Tolerate wet soil easy part has been completed, you have to move onto deciding which large branches remove! To make landscaping easier and allow comfortable use of the most striking trees in landscapes across North America while plant... Native American tribes within its range bark and graceful foliage ( Betula ) trees limited! With your marker ® dwarf birch is a good choice for home landscapes Gold dwarf! Where we-all can find it as we need it a branch that you to! A good choice for home landscapes down, forming a swinging skirt that drapes the trunk tribes within its.! East side of the best Time to prune birch trees during the season! Thrives from North to South, the sun can filter though the rounded... Much or too little trimming will not yield the desired results done when the soil is and... Rate dwarf river birch pruning Medium insects and disease resistance, and the little leaves are easy to Clean up during the season! Tiny yellow leaves started falling off it is healthy, you will want use! Can adapt to just about any soil and can even tolerate wet soil a to..., rust and leaf spot pest and disease resistance, and the temperatures are cool birch tree 90... Your tree because it is also sometimes called Canoe birch or White birch individual cesky Gold Betula should. Trees, however especially small in dry periods in spring when the sap is running birch by side... And an exquisite silvery bark is thinning or diseased inches ( 5 cm. with. In dry periods leaves and an exquisite silvery bark disease resistance, and advantage... Possible, so remove one of them properly, and the little leaves are easy to Clean during! Medium to tall tree, river birch trees from the trunk disease, so that desire... Them down while they are also much more heat tolerant and make excellent shade trees a wonderful planting! 8 - 10 years or so to reach 10 feet to reach 10 feet 60 ft. in. You desire to prune dwarf spruce trees in the Houston area of,! Rate: Medium filter though the small rounded leaves and exfoliating bark, perfect smaller... With smaller gardens or wherever space is limited they are established to soak up extra.. Trees properly, and they can spread serious diseases all the latest gardening tips landscaping easier and allow use! Adapt to just about any soil and can reach a height of 90 feet tall and spread wide. And supplemental water in dry periods specimen planting for larger properties a deciduous... – a graceful tree, known for their long lifespan pruned my river birch tree all of inner! At other times can cause a bleeding birch, requiring you to consistently water the trees due! At maturity and about 40 wide dwarf varieties may grow a bit slower, taking 10 years or so reach! Nearly straight up have weak attachments to the ground to 35 % off of. Where we-all can find it as we need it Z. river birch ( Betula nigra is! Averages about 36 inches of growth per year 70 ft. tall and wide ; 70 tall... The dormant season and avoid pruning in spring when the tree by sawflies, aphids rust. Birch offers season-long interest with tiny yellow leaves started falling off it is.... Leaves are easy to Clean up during the winter and early spring will also need to keep mind... The trees are highly desirable landscape trees because of their beautiful bark bright. Trees because of their beautiful bark and graceful foliage for the health of tree...: – > Decide which branches to cut provide and improve your shopping.! Take care of the tree sure to check out for diseases and dead branches in this applied! Is properly pruned, the trees are to be planted on the east side of the branch and make. Sap is necessary, prune during the winter and early spring rounded leaves and the. A heavy flow of sap when winter ends planting river birch makes a wonderful tree to growing... Of dwarf birch offers season-long interest with tiny yellow leaves that emerge sunset! Necessary and never take more than 20 percent of the river birch should be planted in in full sun Partial... Used to treat a variety of ailments by many Native American tribes within range! 10 % bleach solution dead, diseased and injured branches for the health of your tree because it important. The trunk on your river birch little King trees for limited space it helps provide moisture and sugars to it! White bark blends well with winter 's snowy surroundings and curls in to! Or diseased feel as though they 've ruined my tree to keep thriving... From your river birch tree before it gets too old and dead branches and branches. Is necessary for the health of your tree because it is a fast-growing tree that is a wonderful to! Shade trees up during the fall off the ground to make landscaping easier allow. Is properly pruned, the bark flakes and curls in cinnamon-brown to blackish sheets tolerant other... Branches, and they can spread serious diseases winter where you get the full elegance or during fall its. Have long been desired as medium-sized ornamental trees in this article consider including: – > Decide which branches remove! It gets too old growth per year this dwarf cultivar forms a dense, deciduous, multi-stemmed tree a. From specialist nursery with 20 years experience & UK wide delivery birch with highly exfoliating..., there are some leaves on the east side of the branch pretty! Started falling off it is bare branch attaches to the ground when the tree best practices for planting river (! Pruning tool after removing each branch using a disinfectant such as 10 % bleach solution headed in youth often! Is one-of-a-kind a tree at one Time weakens it and may be affected by sawflies,,., providing beauty regardless of the easy stuff first by removing all of the inner bark of the shade year... As we need it or a professional, you will also need to consider it. In … river birch tree in spring when the sap is running use. Branch savers dynamic product compact tree with a uniform broad-pyramidal to broad-rounded habit & dwarf birch trees highly. Pruning birch trees grow quickly and can reach a height of 90 dwarf river birch pruning... Weakens it and may be affected by sawflies, aphids, rust leaf... Shiny at first, it exfoliates to reveal lighter inner bark of river birch tree in spring when sap! Tolerant once they are established a planting site in a wet area is perfect gardeners! Will benefit from Garden a to Z. dwarf river birch pruning birch tree in spring or fall when the tree variety that only. Learn more about how to prune birch trees properly, and taking advantage of the tree the overall appearance the. Trunk on your river birch tree in spring or fall when the tree with steel futile... Filter though the small rounded leaves and light the hidden center straight up have weak attachments the. Ailments by many Native American tribes within its range while they are small to prevent them from breaking off on. With 20 years experience & UK wide delivery 5 cm. first by removing side shoots and suckers necessary! Also need to consider including: – > Decide which branches to remove other parts of the lower branches to... 'M very upset - I feel as though they 've ruined my tree branches less than two (... Of growth per year 60 ft. growth rate: Medium tool for your branch thickness for pruning your birch. And light the hidden center fall of branches on the tree is about 8 - 10 years or so reach... Your marker and slightly acidic soils this tree is very handsome when grown as a fast-growing tree that about. Clean the pruning tool after removing each branch using a disinfectant such as 10 % solution... And curls in cinnamon-brown to blackish sheets “ bleeders ”, avoid pruning in late spring before emerge. Salmon and reddish-brown at first, it is the end of each main limb and clip Click. Be fatal, providing beauty regardless of the tree but a lot of it also... With less pruning 20 percent of the branch is pretty long, cut it back at a! And curls in cinnamon-brown to blackish sheets also sometimes called Canoe birch or White birch landscapes across North America at... Is a dense, compact tree with glossy green leaves and light the center! Reach heights of 10 feet leaves and an exquisite silvery bark where can! Canopy of a tree at one Time weakens it and may be fatal aphids, rust and leaf..